Teachers make a lesson plan to conduct classes. Lesson plans enhance a well-prepared lesson and generative subjects. In a sense, what was learned must produce a desired result or outcome. Moreover, this outlines the teaching method and becomes a template for the year-round accomplishment of the syllabus, adding more for better teaching standards.
The lesson plan becomes a guide for the activities to be conducted in the classroom. This aids and facilitates interesting class hours because lessons are prepared in advance. The teacher can anticipate questions and problems that might be encountered during the class.
Parts of the Lesson Plan
Objective: What the main objective of the lesson? This must be specific. There can be secondary objectives.
Example: To learn the Reading skills
Introduction: What can be covered in the lesson. Break the ice. Give motivational activities to students. In relation to the lesson on reading skills, the teacher can get something to read; maybe, news about the latest fashion from the internet.
Or any interesting activity where the class can benefit and/or the students create enthusiasm for the day.
Body: the lesson proper
The lesson proper must be thoroughly researched. It should present something new. The teacher needs creativity presenting the lessons. Visual aids can be used: pictures, power point presentations, cards. Also, transcription of lesson or outline in print can be distributed to students.
Activities: Let the students practice and use new learned skills and knowledge. Various activities can be given. Also, a short quiz can help to assess and/or evaluate the body of knowledge/skills the students have acquired.
Student-centered strategies: pair work (study a text), group work (prepare a presentation), mingle activities (practice exercises), real-life situations and simulations (visit a café or market/mall), role playing (enhance with props), brainstorming (question and answer, get articles, quotes/other texts, use internet) student presentations ( in front of the class or guests), games, and songs (learning and explaining song lyrics).
Review: Give key points to students and let them remember. Present a grammar box or a summary for example.
Homework: Test if students were able to grasp the lesson. You can give homework or practice set for more evaluation. This can link to the next session or review on the past lessons.
The teachers and students working together can produce a strong foundation of better education: The teacher to teach and share; the students to learn and study. Together they weave progress today and the generations to come.